Growing cotton is not exactly easy. If you still want to try it out, here are our tips on how to plant cotton yourself.Growing cotton is not easy
The wild form of cotton - a mallow family - comes from purely tropical regions and is rarely kept as a garden plant or houseplant. In contrast, it is the cultivated plants that are very common today and are also offered in local garden markets.
Cotton is an annual plant
The cotton (natural fiber) that develops within the plant capsule has been used for the manufacture of textiles for centuries. Why the one-year-old cotton plant is grown a lot in fields today - large-scale industrial cultivation, increasingly in the Asian region. You can also plant cotton in your own garden. We'll tell you how to do it here.
You can easily grow individual plants in the greenhouse and as indoor plants (e.g. for the winter garden). All you need is the freshest possible cotton seed, which you have to sow in the soil - e.g. in small pots or in a greenhouse bed. Then you should only cover the seed with a thin layer of soil.
Cotton should already be grown in January / February, in any case at a high room temperature (approx. 21 to 25 degrees). Furthermore, the freshly sown seed needs constant moisture - no moisture - to be able to germinate optimally.
As soon as the seedlings have grown visibly well, you can either transplant them individually into pots or put them in a greenhouse bed.
Cotton seedlings need a soil that is as sandy as possible, but still rich in humus.
Fertilize cotton plant:
While the plant usually grows quite splendidly from spring in an interior (e.g. in the winter garden or on the window sill), you should also fertilize the plant regularly with a complete fertilizer - approx. Once every two to four weeks - as required.
The fertilization (equally with organic and mineral fertilizer) can then continue calmly into the summer months.
Furthermore, cotton plants need a lot of moisture, which is why they have to be watered regularly. However, you absolutely have to avoid waterlogging!
Cotton also needs more moisture in the soil, less moisture in the air. Because the cotton clearly prefers the dry climate.
In addition, the cotton needs a lot of sun and warmth permanently. Temperatures around 30 degrees are ideal, especially in the summer months - then the cotton plant can also find its place outdoors. Insofar as the temperatures do not drop too much at night.
After the delicate yellow cotton bloom (approx. May to September), green capsules form on the stick, which in turn burst open approx. 8 weeks later and reveal the white cotton fiber. Because of this natural spectacle, the cotton plant is a popular eye-catcher all year round.
Unfortunately, the cotton plant can also be attacked by pests: