Putting a chicken coop in the garden may not be that easy. If you follow our instructions, you will not do anything wrong.Chickens are not very demanding
You can also keep chickens in smaller, private gardens (reading tip: keep chickens in the garden - these preliminary considerations are important). However, only if certain basic requirements for species-appropriate husbandry are met. For example, in urban areas, keeping chickens is not permitted. So you should live in a rural area. If the space on your property is not very large, you should also opt for bantams. Because of their size, they can cope better with smaller areas. In addition, their urge to move is less. What is most important besides the run is the chicken coop, which serves as a shelter, for laying eggs and for sleeping.
And it is precisely on this subject that inexperienced chicken farmers are at a loss. How should the chicken coop be constructed? How should it be equipped? We clarify all this and many other important points in more detail below.
Instructions for building a chicken coop
➤ Location & size of the chicken coop:
Chickens usually live outside all year round. For this reason, the chicken coop must be sufficiently insulated so that it does not get too hot in summer and not too cold in winter. You should also always build the barn slightly higher, because there is no direct contact with the floor and the floor does not become damp.
Furthermore, the base area for a group of four to five animals should be at least three square meters. Of course, bigger is better. It is always said roughly that a maximum of five bantams or three medium-sized animals need a space of one square meter in the barn. However, the requirement is that the freewheel is large enough. These are the absolute minimum dimensions. Of course, the chickens feel much more comfortable in a larger area.
➤ Material of the chicken coop:
A larger garden shed is ideal as a chicken coop. However, the chicken coop must then be so high that you can stand upright in it. If a garden house is too expensive, you can easily build a chicken coop yourself out of wood.
In general, however, it is important that nothing works in the chicken coop without light, which is why you absolutely have to think about windows when building. Light can also increase the laying performance. However, the sun must not shine directly into the barn, because that in turn encourages the chickens to pick feathers (reading tip: sun protection in the garden - 5 options).
➤ Classification of the chicken coop:
The interior of the barn does not have to be luxurious, because chickens are entirely satisfied if their natural needs are taken into account. You only need everything to be comfortable, then you reward it with a large number of eggs.
You should divide the barn into two areas. In the smaller area you can accommodate bedding, various tools and feed. The larger area offers space for raised perches, drinkers, feeding bowls and nest boxes. A separate nest must also be available for each animal.
Instructions for equipping a chicken coop
The equipment of the chicken coop does not have to cost a fortune. It is important that the stall can be closed so that martens and foxes cannot enter. In addition, there must be no drafts and no moisture in the chicken coop. What should not be missing in the hen house are:
You should install the perches at different heights so that there are no fights between the animals. The distance from the floor must be at least one meter. The poles should also be 40 centimeters from the wall so that the animals can move comfortably on them. There must be a space of at least 25 centimeters per animal on the perches and the poles should ideally have a length of 150 centimeters.
Incidentally, the wood for the perches must be completely smooth so that there is no injury to the feet of the animals. Rough material also makes mites easier to nest and makes cleaning more difficult.
You can either set up individual nests, or you can choose large nests that can accommodate three chickens. The minimum size for a nest is 35 x 35 x 35 centimeters. You should place the nests about 80 centimeters above the ground. All nice next to each other.
➤ Manure pit / manure board:
Hygiene is a very important aspect when it comes to chicken coops. Only if you keep the barn properly clean can your chickens stay healthy. Unfortunately, they are susceptible to various parasites, so good hygiene is a top priority. For this reason, you should place a grated manure pit or a manure board under the perches. So the animals do not come into contact with their excretions all the time. It also makes cleaning the barn much easier. Once a week you have to completely muck out the barn.
➤ Sand bath:
The chickens also want to clean their plumage regularly, so you should offer them a sand bath in the barn. For this purpose you can fill a mixture of coal and quartz sand into a box.