Whether as a solitary plant or hedge: the hibiscus always brings an exotic flair to the garden. However, only if it is properly planted and cared for.Simply beautiful: the hibiscus
The hibiscus originally comes from China and India and is not only a popular houseplant, you can also cultivate this beautiful plant as a shrub in the garden. However, only if you observe a few important points when planting and caring for. This is the only way you will have something of the up to two meters high shrub for a long time.
Location and planting
You should always plant the colorful plant in a bright location in the garden, because it needs a lot of light. However, it is important to note that a partially shaded spot is best for the hibiscus. The soil at this location may not be acidic, but it should be calcareous, light and humorous.
When planting in spring, it is best to use a mixture of sand and compost, because this way the soil is nice and loose and optimally supplied with nutrients. The hibiscus is not only suitable as a specimen plant, but also as a hedge plant.
Care and cut
The hibiscus regularly needs water, but you should only water it moderately. The root ball should not be too wet, but never dry out completely. So it's important to find a good mediocrity.
You should provide the plant with a liquid fertilizer all year round, except during hibernation (reading tip: hibiscus hibernate - how it is done). You should administer the fertilizer approximately every 14 days during this time.
➤ Cut back:
When cutting the hibiscus, a distinction is made between educational cut, maintenance cut and taper cut.
Schnitt Educational cut:
In February, you make the parenting cut, in which you remove all weak and sick shoots. You should also do this with young plants, because this is the only way to develop strong shoots. The main stem should remain unchanged. You only have to cut the shoots down to two buds. If you gradually shorten the shoots around the crown to a few buds, it will get a nice shape over time.
Schnitt Maintenance cut:
Perform the maintenance cut when a beautiful crown has already formed. Then simply remove the dried and weak branches and cut back the thin branches. If you want to keep the current shape, you simply have to cut the shoots that fall out of the shape (reading tip: use green waste - 4 clever recycling tips).
In order to improve the blooming, you should cut all the fruiting shoots of the previous year by a third in winter. If the growth is very compact, you can use this opportunity to thin out the hibiscus.
➥ Taper cut:
Make the taper cut when the plant has grown too large. Then you should shorten the shoots by about two thirds and remove sick and old shoots completely.
Pests and diseases
You only have to fear diseases and pests in the hibiscus if the care is too little and incorrect. These usually include:
➤ Leaf blotch fungus:
The leaf spot fungus makes itself e.g. noticeable by brown spots on the leaves, which appear irregularly. It is usually sufficient to remove the discolored leaves.
➤ Leaf thickening:
If the hibiscus is too cool, leaf nerves with malformations appear. If you have thickened leaves, you should think about changing your location.
Aphids are often found on buds and shoot tips. The best way to combat them is with a water / detergent mixture that you mix in a ratio of 10: 1. It works so well against the small animals because the washing-up liquid takes the air from the aphids to breathe and they die accordingly. In addition, the aphids may not adhere well to the buds, leaves and shoot tips and move around.